What directs and controls sport is motivation processes, that is regulation processes which play a role of a helm responsible for actions related to the purpose – result.
To make sure a sportsperson is motivated, certain circumstances must occur. However the priority is to satisfy two major conditions:
1. the athlete must consider his or her result as useful
2. the athlete must be convinced that it is possible to achieve such a result.
The sportsperson’s motivation is also related to such variables as: direction and intensity. The direction points out a specific goal or result of action, while intensity is composed of other three parameters:
– motivation strength – ability to exclude competitive motives, which stands for consistent performance of tasks;
– size – property which determines a number of actions required for making the motive come true;
– motivation intensity – it determines athlete’s organism mobilization related to a specific motive.
Shaping motivation at the very young age is a paramount aspect in sport. Motivation is more important than training itself because lack of motivation causes the training to be useless whereas the final result unsatisfying. In the training process it is also necessary to place an emphasis on motivation techniques and team motivation. To make sure athletes are fully committed to raising effectiveness of their actions and team functioning, they should feel responsible for their tasks and have a sense of power as well as feel valuable and appreciated. It is also significant that a positive atmosphere is created as this in turn translates into positive results.
In the process of motivating sportspersons it is vital that achievements are motivated because we constantly encounter focus on competitiveness combined with a strong need to win. Motivation is more important than physical fitness. Physical excellence is of fundamental importance but does not determine whether a person will be a champion. Therefore, evoking desired motives should base on stimuli of higher order, that is concerning social and moral needs. The motivation stimuli should activate needs related to self-fulfillment and creative view of sport.
PhD Milena Lachowicz – psychologist from Rehasport Clinic in Gdańsk