Knee arthroscopy is now one of the most frequent surgeries performed in orthopedics units. This little-invasive procedure serves to treat a wide range of injuries related to this and other body joints. The arthroscopy method is concerned with inserting a camera and special miniature tools inside the joint through minor skin cuts so that the surgery can be performed.
Most frequent guidelines related to arthroscopic surgery include the following:
– meniscus damage (medial and lateral)
– ligament damage (anterior cruciate and posterior cruciate)
– joint cartilage damage
– presence of loose bodies
– synovial membrane hyperthrophy
The arthroscopic surgery, that is devoid of surgical “opening” of the joint, brings numerous benefits, such as reduced pain in the post-surgical period, faster recovery and limited infection risk.
Arthroscopy is performed in the operating theater and a patient is given local or general anesthesia. The surgery can be divided into a diagnostic part during which an orthopedist examines the knee from the inside in order to confirm or exclude initial diagnosis, and a treatment part aimed at repairing or removing damaged joint structures. Depending on complexity of the injury, the surgery may last from a dozen minutes to about 2 hours. In most cases the patient must stay in the hospital until the following day.
The post-surgical period is dependent upon a type of the surgery. It is primarily about removing a load from the limb in question (time of moving on elbow crutches), rehabilitation period and recovery, and sometimes also a need to immobilize the joint for some period of time. Most questions pertaining to the aforesaid issues can be answered when the patient is qualified for surgical treatment.
PhD, MD Michał Borys, Rehasport Clinic Orthopaedist