Knee

Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)

The posterior cruciate ligamentent PCL, and the anterior cruciate ligament ACL help to maintain stability in the knee by connecting the femur with the tibia. Injuries to this structure are not frequent, however, if left untreated, can cause pain and discomfort.

Causes of posterior cruciate ligament injury (PCL)

Posterior cruciate ligament injury is usually accompanied by excessive force on the tibia from the front. The greatest risk of injury occurs at the time of force on the legs, from the front, below the knee.

Symptoms of posterior cruciate ligament damage PCL

  • pain,
  • moderate swelling,
  • stiffness,
  • Instability

What to do in case of posterior cruciate ligament PCL injury?

  • Do not load the injured leg
  • Rest and limit the amount of movement
  • Apply icepack
  • Apply compression (elastic)
  • Try to keep the leg above the heart
  • Consult a doctor

How posterior cruciate ligament injuries PCL are diagnosed

Posterior cruciate ligament injury is diagnosed after the doctor-patient interview, clinical assessment of the knee and a series of physical tests. Diagnostic imaging is useful, Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance.

Treatment

PCL injuries are rare. The method of treatment depends on the scale of damage which is identified by the orthopedist.

Less serious injuries can be treated conservatively by means of rehabilitation. Doctors often recommend walking in a special brace stabilizing the knee joint . Physiotherapy is the most common method of treatment of PCL injuries. Proper exercise will help to strengthen the leg and improve the stabilization of the entire body.

Reconstruction of the posterior cruciate ligament PCL is recommended for physically active people and athletes whose ligament damage results in the instability of the joint. The procedure is also justified in cases of other damage to knee structures. Surgery is performed using the arthroscopic method and requires more experience on the part of the doctor performing the procedure.