Foot and ankle joint

Twisted ankle

An ankle sprain is one of the most common leg injuries.

Most common causes of ankle sprains:

Particularly frequent causes:

  • Running and walking on uneven surfaces,
  • Incorrect landing from a height ,
  • Rapid turn of the foot.

What are the symptoms of ankle sprains?

An ankle sprain usually involves the following symptoms and their occurrence depends on the degree of injury:

  • Severe pain,
  • Swelling,
  • hematoma.

What should I do in case of an ankle sprain?

  •  Do not load the injured leg
  • Rest and limit the amount of movement
  • Use an ice pack
  • Use compression bandages (elastic)
  • Try to keep the leg up above the heart
  • Contact your doctor

How are sprains diagnosed within the ankle?

An ankle sprain is not a serious injury but we do not recommend underestimating it. A visit to the doctor is necessary. During the visit an orthopedic surgeon will assess the condition of the ankle on the basis of an interview, physical examination, and any additional imaging tests – such as ultrasound or x-ray and will apply appropriate treatment .

How can an Achilles tendon injury be treated?

Ankle sprains are treated depending on the type and severity of the injury. We may distinguish three degrees of damage:

  • Stage I (the mildest) – only cooling is recommended, restriction of movement and wearing a stabilizer. Recovery usually takes about 10 days.
  • Stage II – chilling, leg relief, wearing a stabilizer.
  • Stage III – chilling, leg relief for about three weeks and wearing a stabilizer for about six weeks. Here, conservative treatment often turns out to be insufficient and it may be necessary to operate.

After  II and III injuries it is recommended to undergo rehabilitation, which will fully restore the joint. A physiotherapist will also show you exercises that will improve the feeling of deep, general stabilization and thereby reduce the risk of a re- injury.